For a power point presentation, please click on the link: http://www.fpcug.org/files/Neurofeedback.ppt
WHAT IS NEUROFEEDBACK?
Neurofeedback or EEG Biofeedback is training of the brain. Over time, the brain actually trains itself to function more efficiently. We monitor the brain in “real time”. We show that information back to the trainee. We reward the brain for changing its own activity to be more efficient. EEG Biofeedback is based on electrical brain activity, the electroencephalogram. Neurofeedback is training in self-regulation. It is simply biofeedback applied to the brain. Self-regulation is a necessary part of good brain function. Self-regulation training allows the system (the central nervous system) to function better.
WHAT IS NEUROFEEDBACK USED FOR?
Neurofeedback addresses problems of brain dysregulation. There are many that include the anxiety-depression spectrum, attention deficits, behavior disorders, various sleep disorders, headaches and migraines, PMS and emotional disturbances. It is also useful for organic brain conditions such as seizures, the autism spectrum, and cerebral palsy.
HOW DOES NEUROFEEDBACK WORK?
We apply sensors to the scalp to listen to the brainwave activity. We process the signal by computer, and we extract information about certain key brainwave frequencies. We show the ebb and flow of this activity back to the person, who attempts to change the activity level. Some frequencies we wish to promote. Others we wish to reduce. We present this information to the person in the form of a video, music or game. The person is actually participating with their brain. Eventually the brainwave activity is "shaped" toward more desirable, more regulated performance.
Over the years, certain Neurofeedback (EEG Biofeedback) training protocols have been developed that are helpful with certain classes of problems such as attention, anxiety and depression, seizures and migraines, as well as cognitive function.
IS NEUROFEEDBACK CONSIDERED A CURE?
Neurofeedback is evidenced based in the research to be able to make changes for a lifetime! However, “cure” is not considered as an appropriate term.
WHAT IS NEUROFEEDBACK EFFECTIVE AT HELPING?
Neurofeedback is effective for many issues including:
- Seizures and sub-clinical seizure activity
- Severely disruptive behavior disorders such as Conduct Disorder and Bipolar Disorder.
- Autistic spectrum and pervasive developmental delay.
- Cerebral palsy
- Acquired brain injury
- Birth trauma
- Bed wetting
- Sleep walking, sleep talking
- Teeth grinding
- Night terrors
- Drug abuse
- Suicidal behavior
- Anxiety and depression
DO THE EFFECTS OF NEUROFEEDBACK REALLY LAST?
If the problem being addressed is one of brain dysregulation, then the answer is yes, and that covers a lot of ground. Neurofeedback involves learning by the brain and if that brings order out of disorder, the brain will continue to use its new capabilities, and thus reinforce them.